international timeline since 1625

The full history of student protest globally is out of the scope of this archive. 

Below is a condensation of events most relevant to Black Student Activism. 

Haitian revolution   
To say that the history of the Haitian revolution begins with the French Revolution (1789-1799) or the arrival of Christopher Columbus to Northern Hispaniola (1492), is to obscure the long lasting struggles of Indigenous and enslaved Black and Brown peoples of Haiti and the surrounding areas. Amongst other Indigenous Peoples of the Caribbean, the Taíno Peoples’ lands include what is now Cuba, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), Jamaica, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas, as well as parts of the Lesser Antilles.
 

1625

1791

1793

1794

1796

1803

1804

South Africa 
South Africa was the site of large-scale student activism concurrent with larger civilian unrest during the struggle against apartheid. Students played a pivotal role in this uprising, and unfortunately also incurred some of the worst violence and governmental prosecution.  
 

1960

1960-1980

Overview of South African Black student activism organization. 

1976

June 16, 1976

Over 10,000 students in the town of Soweto, South Africa march in opposition to a decree imposing Afrikaans as the official language taught in middle and high schools. Police fire on the crowd, killing two, and sparking an uprising that spread across the major urban centers of South Africa.

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2015

2015

#Rhodesmustfall, aimed at removing statues and monuments dedicated to Cecil Rhodes on South African college campuses, takes off.

2016

2016

In the fall, Black students at University of the Witwatersrand and University of KwaZulu-Natal over rising tuition and fees that inhibit lower income Black students.

Brazil
 

Brazil's student protest history includes a clash between the UNE, an organization representing students, and opposing conservative groups, including the new governmental regime of 1964.

1930

1930

 History of Student Protest of Brazil.  A synopsis of student activism in Brazil beginning in 1930 and ending in 1968. 

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1938

1938

Formation of the União Nacional dos Estudantes (UNE), an organization representing millions of students designed to improve higher education conditions. The group became antifascist and was active during WWII, protesting against Brazil’s failure to denounce Axis powers.

1964

1964

In the wake of a military coup, the UNE was targeted by conservative groups for siding with the previous president João Goulart.  The organization’s headquarters was burned down by conservative civilians.The new regime saw the UNE as antagonistic and threatening. In November of 1964 they passed Law No. 4464, also known as “Lei Suplicy”This law made the UNE illegal, and furthermore criminalized politicization and activism in the classroom.

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2016

2016

Protesters in favor of first female Brazilian President (not just a student protest, but students were heavily involved).

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2016

Student occupations.

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Guyana 
Recently, Guyana has faced many protests over tuition increases combined with sub-par facilities, which have not improved appreciably in the face of the tuition hikes.
 

2016

2016

University of Guyana students protest raise in fees/tuition made without their knowledge, angry about the school not making any changesto things they cared about

Paris, France  
Paris has been romanticized as an accepting place for Black folks, especially Black artists. The contrast between this myth and the reality of institutionalized racism and history of colonization has created a hotspot for Black student protests.
 

2005

2016

July 19, 2016

“Death while in police custody of Adama Traoré, a 24-year-old black man,” brought the Black Lives Matter Movement of Paris into the spotlight as protests sparked across the country.

February 23, 2016

Students protest the rape of a black student.

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1968  
The year of “Everyone to the Barricades,” as described by the Guardian. Beyond the United States, 1968 saw a wave of student uprisings, and political upheaval across the globe. The intensity and culture of protests varied across nations.
 

March 8, 1968

Polish political crisis began. 

March 8, 1968

Summer Olympics in Mexico City. 

Atelier Populaire 

a student collective that produced a vast amount of artwork in Paris during the protests.

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October 2, 1968

Government forces and police kill between 30 and 300 protesting civilians, mainly students, as part of a larger “Dirty War” of political repression.

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Brazil

The killing of Edson Luis at the hands of police sparked nationwide protests, culminating in the passage of Institutional Act No. 5, which ushered in an era of governmental surveillance and restriction of civil liberties.

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